Onoriode Ogidi-Ekoko ’15 ’16G was 5,400 miles from his native home when he successfully defended his doctoral dissertation in electrical engineering in August 2021 to earn his Ph.D. from Lehigh University.
But the Nigerian-born Ogidi-Ekoko, who goes by Onos, is right at home talking about his research into power electronics and semiconductors.
“Power electronics is pervasive in our modern world,” he says. “Electrical power is flowing all the time in electrical devices and systems all around us. That electrical power has to switch appropriately between different voltage levels and between alternating current (AC) and direct current (DC) forms as it flows through electrical systems and devices.
“Mobile chargers that convert AC power from the wall socket to DC power that goes into our mobile devices are just one example of this conversion that we are all familiar with. A similar idea goes for more complex systems found in electric vehicles and electric grids.”
The conversion process needs to occur as efficiently as possible in order to minimize associated energy losses. With ever-increasing energy consumption, even modest gains in efficiency could be very significant on a global scale. Ogidi-Ekoko’s research investigated the potential of a class of semiconductors called III-nitrides for realizing more efficient, more compact and faster power conversion devices that could help realize a new generation of power devices.
“As engineers, we always care about efficiency and performance,” he says. “Gallium nitride, a III-nitride semiconductor, theoretically has significant potential in this arena of power electronics because of some key properties it possesses. The question is, how do you make that a reality? My research work was to investigate that experimentally.”
There is also the question of employing new approaches for designing III-nitride photonic devices, notably LEDs and lasers, which Onos looked into. The underlying fundamentals and physics of these devices can be quite complex. Traditionally, many photonics design breakthroughs have been realized through sheer human effort and creativity. However, with advances in computing technology and machine learning, there is a need to leverage machine learning-based techniques to vastly improve the design process.
During his Ph.D. study, Onos was advised by Professor Nelson Tansu, formerly Daniel E. ’39 and Patricia M. Smith Endowed Chair Professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering (ECE) at Lehigh. Tansu is a Fellow of the U.S. National Academy of Inventors and IEEE, and he is currently head of the School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering (EEE) at the University of Adelaide, in Australia.
“Onos is a superbly talented researcher who is able to integrate machine learning, device fabrication and device engineering to advance the next-generation solutions in renewable, power and photonics technologies,” Tansu says. “His publication on applying machine learning for photonics device design will be key to the progress in electrical engineering and applied physics.”
A member of Ogidi-Ekoko’s doctoral committee, Sushil Kumar, associate professor in the ECE Department at Lehigh, said he would be a great addition to any research facility. “If he chooses to go into research … he would be among the top scientists, I have no doubt about that.”
The youngest of three boys, Ogidi-Ekoko was born to a math professor father and a mother who is a health educator and retired assistant director of nursing. He is from Uzere, Nigeria, but grew up in Benin City, a Nigerian city of about 1.8 million people. He was a dedicated student who also enjoyed the outdoors.
“I was fascinated by electronics, design, engineering, math and physics,” he said. “I was just curious about things of that nature.”
When it came time to apply for college, he was attracted to Lehigh by its reputation for having a standout engineering program. He received his bachelor’s and his master’s degrees in electrical engineering from Lehigh, where he was honored for his academic achievements, before going on to pursue his doctorate.